The solar energy is a renewable source of energy obtained from the sun and which can generate heat and electricity. There are several ways to collect and take advantage of the sun’s rays to produce power that give rise to  different types of solar energy : photovoltaics (which transforms lightning into electricity through the use of solar panels), photothermal (which uses heat to through solar collectors) and thermoelectric (transforms heat into electrical energy indirectly).

WHY SOLAR ENERGY IS SAVING PUERTO RICO FROM THE DEVASTATION OF HURRICANE MARIA

Hurricane Maria, a tropical cyclone that registered maximum winds of 280 km / h and devastated several Caribbean islands between mid-September and early October, had devastating effects on Puerto Rico. At the end of October, when one month had passed since the hurricane, 80% of the island’s population still had no electricity. Drinking water was also a problem, as it was scarce and, according to some data, 1 million inhabitants of the island (of 3.4 million residents) had no running water at all. The statistics made in these first moments spoke of estimated damages in some 90,000 million dollars, which in euros would be about 76,326 million.

Affects to the electrical network of Puerto Rico by Hurricane Maria

The important thing is, however, that all these damages have put the population of the island in a desperate situation. They need to have a functioning electricity network and return to essential services, something for which renewable energy is becoming a quick solution and an alternative with high potential for the future.

As some analysts point out, Puerto Rico has several problems when it comes to facing the future of its electricity network. Its situation as an island makes it difficult to bring electricity from outside, the solutions that were used until now were too expensive and also the passage of the hurricane has damaged the network infrastructure so that to recover it could be chosen to do it directly with alternatives renewable and sustainable.